Posted on by Achim D. Brucker, licensed under CC BY-ND 4.0.

Confidentiality Enhanced Life-Cycle Assessment

The environmental impact of products is an important factor in buying decisions of customers, and it is also an increasing concern of lawmakers. Hence, companies are interested in determining the ecological footprint of their products. Life-cycle assessment (LCA) is a standardized method for computing the ecological footprint of a product.

Today, LCA is usually not computed in real-time and neither is LCA using actual sensor data: in contrast it is computed “offline” using “historic” values based on exemplary measurements. With the rise of the Internet of Things (IoT), LCA computations can be based on actual production processes. While an LCA based on actual sensor data is desirable from an ecological perspective, it also can reveal trade secrets, e.g., details about production processes or business relationships.

In our SPBP paper [1], we present an approach, using secure multi-party computation, to enable the confidential data sharing required for an LCA computation using sensor data.

Our prototype is available at https://git.logicalhacking.com/PrivacyPreservingLCA/ConfidentialLCA under an Apache license (SPDX-License-Identifier: Apache-2.0).

References

1. Brucker, A. D. and Yalman, S. “Confidentiality Enhanced Life-Cycle AssessmentBPMN 2021 workshops (2021): URL: http://www.brucker.ch/bibliography/abstract/brucker.ea-confidential-lca-2021